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The Republics of the Caucasus, 1918-1920: A Failed Project of Interdependence


The Republics of the Caucasus, 1918-1920: A Failed Project of Interdependence

Map of Democratic Republic of Georgia, within the borders ratified by the League of Nations (1918-1921). Photo: David 1010, Giorgi Balkhadze (English version); cropped. CC BY-SA 3.0.


A talk by Beka Kobakhidze (Department of History, Ilia State University, Tbilisi,Georgia).


Tuesday, November 26, 2019
12:00 PM - 1:30 PM
10383 Bunche Hall


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Beka Kobakhidze's research interests lie in the foreign policy of the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921) and the historical intersection between Russia and the Western Great Powers in the Caucasus and contested regional history of the Caucasus of 19th and 20th Centuries. His ongoing research project is Paris 1919-1920: Independence of Georgia in the Political West. Kobakhidze is Associate Professor and head of the M.A. graduate program “Modern History of Georgia” at Ilia State University. He was awarded a Presidential Grant for Young Scholars in 2012-2014 and an Open Society Georgia Foundation grant in 2014 that enabled his extensive research travel across Europe.

Abstract: In the political West, it is sometimes questioned why the contemporary South Caucasian states of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia fail to make a good package of collaborative regionalism? Why is it that the other post-Soviet republics, such as in the Baltic region, have been able to apply “European standards” in their relationship, but the Caucasian states seem to have failed to do so? Often, it is superficially thought that the Caucasians are somewhat “oriental” mountain-like people for whom the “European standards” remain alien. However, the problem has much greater depth than this simple conclusion--including complex geography, heterogeneity, intolerant nationalism, and competing Great Powers interests, but all this is not new. In Transcaucasia (as the South Caucasus was referred to then), the first attempts at building nation states took place in 1918, after the Russian revolutions of the previous year and the onset of the Russian Civil War. The experiment of independence that lasted less than three years. Careful observation of this past suggests that current entanglements in the region are historic to a great extent and the factors affecting that period remain quite contemporary. Rather than relying on stereotypes, it is necessary to examine the multiple dimensions of failed interdependence and largely unsuccessful mutual cooperation. The first republics of the Caucasus (1918-1921) offer helpful insights.


Cost : Free and open to the public. RSVP not required for admission.

Sponsor(s): Center for European and Russian Studies, Program on Central Asia, Richard Hovannisian Chair in Modern Armenian History