The Jews of the island of Rhodes lived under Ottoman rule for many centuries. They began to undergo many changes in the 19th century as a result of reforms, westernization and new economic circumstances. The island was conquered by Italy in 1912 and a new reality emerged in a colonial setting, leading to major transformations. This lecture will focus on the history of this Jewish community in transition between the Ottoman Empire and Italian colonialism and will reflect on the twilight years of Ottoman Sephardi Jewry. Aron Rodrigue is the Daniel E. Koshland Professor of Jewish Culture and History at Stanford University. He specializes in the history and culture of Sephardi Jewries. His latest publication is the co-edited book A Jewish Voice from Ottoman Salonica: The Ladino Memoir of Sa’adi Besalel a-Levi (edited and with an Introduction with Sarah Abrevaya Stein of UCLA). He is the recipient of the Alberto Benveniste Prize (Paris) for Research in Sephardic Studies, 2011, and of the National Jewish Book Council Honor Award in Sephardic Studies, 1994. He was named Chevalier de l’Ordre des Arts et Lettres by the French Ministry of Culture in 2013.