Tanya Golash-Boza, University of Kansas
Since 1996, one in 24 Jamaican legal permanent residents of the United States has been deported back to Jamaica. One-quarter of the 36,000 Dominicans deported between 1996 and 2008 had lived in the United States for longer than twenty years. Jamaicans and Dominicans – black immigrants concentrated in New York City – are more likely to face deportation than other non-citizens. Their deportation is often life-shattering because of their deep ties to the United States. This presentation explores why Dominicans and Jamaicans are being deported en masse. Drawing from interviews with 37 Jamaican deportees and 52 Dominican deportees, this presentation reveals that Jamaican and Dominican immigrants are often deported after being racially profiled by a police officer, charged with a drug crime, and sentenced to jail or prison. This presentation brings studies of the criminalization of African-Americans into dialogue with research on international migration and provides a framework for understanding why 96 percent of the 2 million people deported from the United States in the past 25 years have been Latin American and Caribbean nationals, and the vast majority have been men.
Sponsor(s): Latin American Institute, UCLA Institute of American Cultures
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